As a bonus, I have created a yarn weight conversion chart to make things easier! A single strand of yarn is called a “single” but most people will call it “single ply” instead. Output: How to Check Gauge in Crochet. 8-9 wraps per inch (wpi). The Yarn Yardage Calculator Based On Weight will help you calculate exactly how much yarn you have already used on your crochet project. One question that is posed over and over again is “How much yarn do I need for a blanket” (or baby blanket, or scarf, etc). You know how to make good substitutes. Cheryl Bennett is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to, If you’re following a pattern and want to substitute a yarn, you will need to find a yarn that is similar weight to what was used in the pattern. I’ve put together one handy yarn weight conversion chart that links the US number and US category, ply (used in AUS and UK), and other terms commonly used (in the UK I … Here’s a handy chart from the Craft Yarn Council: One thing I really love about the Yarn Standards chart above is that it gives some guidance to what hook size typically works best for a particular yarn weight. Just like you would refer to a Thesaurus for a list of words that mean the same thing, refer to this yarn weight chart when you hear a weight term you’re less familiar with. Or thick and firm? Bulky yarn is about twice as thick as worsted weight yarn. Online Courses | Become An Affiliate | About | Contact Me | Work with Me | Privacy & Disclosure | Subscribe. This helpful chart also allows you to compare different yarns weights. These are free projects for this level of yarn. For example, a DK weight yarn is a 3 and a Bulky Weight yarn is a 5; naturally, the larger yarn (in number) is the thicker yarn (in weight). Jul 8, 2020 - I have always used the actual weight of a yarn to represent the thickness, usually written as meters or yards per skein or 50 g, 100 g or 200 g. But it is not always the best way as different materials have different density. You can have one very thin, spider-like ply or one very large thick ply. The ply system is most commonly used in the UK, Australia and New Zeeland. Input: Start by choosing your input, m/gram (metric) or yards/oz (imperial). Thankfully, the yarn industry has developed a standardized system of 8 yarn weights and many manufacturers list the yarn weight symbol right on the yarn band. 3—Light (DK, Light Worsted) Slightly heavier than a fine weight yarn, this weight is used … Grab your crochet project and weight it. I also love DK weight yarn for amigurumi. Yarn weight is what makes your finished piece soft and drapey or stiff and firm. standard crochet hook for the yarn weight chart: There is sort of a typical or standard way to define what crochet hook you should use for a given yarn weight . You can use the information along with the stitch information included on the band to determine the yarn weight for yourself. Technically the process of twisting the strands together is called “to ply yarn”. What if you pick up a skein of yarn and it’s not labeled with the yarn weight number? For instance, if I’m making an afghan and it is coming out too stiff and firm, I will often start over with a larger hook. In the United States, makers will usually use the descriptive name such as “worsted weight” instead of “number four yarn”. Aren’t there different kinds of yarn? Today, I’m breaking down yarn weight and crochet thread sizes. Types of Yarn: Baby weight, Fingering weight, Sock weight: Baby,2-3 ply: Baby,2-3 ply: US: B/1 – E/4 . When working on a crochet pattern, it's good to get a feel for the different yarn weights and hook sizes out there to help you decide what to work on. In the UK and Europe, yarn weights are often referred to by their number such as “number three yarn” instead of “DK weight”. Thick yarns with large hooks make for fast work! Please note these are guidelines only - many yarns may be knitted/crocheted at a tighter or looser gauge depending on the project you'd like to create. Checking to make sure this will work is going to save you from possible disappointment in your end results. Use the yarn types chart below as a guide to determine what yarn weight needs to be used according to what the pattern asks for. You now understand what yarns are best for what projects. To knit or crochet you need to have yarn, and to most projects the right yarn weight is an important ingredient for making sure you efforts is rewarded with an endresult that stands up to your expectations. I can’t wait to see your work! Or is it heavy, warm and very thick? 7 wraps per inch (wpi). Yarn weight is a quality of the yarn that won’t change. Thus, using “ply” as a standard is problematic. Understanding fibers, yarn weights and gauge really is the key to your inner designer! … Choose Your Yarn & Hook – Pick the yarn you would like to substitute with, and then look at the pattern. I'm Cheryl. One of the most important things to understand about yarn is that they come in different weight categories. Each type of thread or yarn is assigned a number. The correct hook size is the one that gives your project the right gauge. Now plies do not correlate to yarn weights. If you find yourself lost between size 10 thread, size 0 yarn, 2-ply yarn, and other numerical descriptions, you’re not alone. Because even within the same country, yarn manufacturers do not all use the same terminology. Plied yarn is typically stronger than single strand yarn. With yarn, the higher the number, the thicker the yarn. Understanding yarn weights make it easier to shop yarn from all over the world, Yarn weight gives a clue to the most suitable crochet hook or needle for a project. I hope y’all can have a bit of your mind eased with this chart to help y’all get started. I have not gotten a chance to use one, but if you spin your own yarn or find yarn … Become a better knitter with every stitch. So, if you want to combine different materials in … There are a few different standards: In my opinion the Yarn Standard system from the Craft Yarn Council is the easiest and best option. Historically yarn weights were always classified by plies in the United Kingdom. And if you think yarn “ply” has anything to do with “yarn weight”, you would be wrong. Just because a pattern states what yarn it used, doesn't mean you have to choose that yarn. In fact some will use the same words to describe different types of yarn… Yarn is made of fibers that are spun together to make them smooth and strong. UK: 13 – 9 or 10 . It’s important to know and understand yarn weight for a variety of reasons. Yarn Weight Crochet Conversion Chart. A one ply yarn can be thicker than a 3 ply yarn, for instance. How your project feels. It goes also goes under the names thread, cobweb and light fingering. Parts of a Crochet Stitch //  3. This makes it so easy to determine if another yarn will substitute for your project. Lace Weight yarn is very thin and delicate. The Standard Yarn Weight System . Yarn weight refers to the thickness of the yarn. For most crochet projects, yarn weight is an important consideration to make sure the end result is what you expect! To read more about calculating gauge and why gauge even matters, click here. The Craft Yarn Council divides yarn into 7 categories based on yarn thickness as follows: The standards include an easily recognizable symbol with the yarn weight number that many manufacturers place on the yarn bands (see above). So if the first strands were spun in a “S-twist” then the second spinning would be in a “Z-twist”. Sigh. Armed with all the information on yarn weights you have just increased your yarn know-how! Now you can easily find the right yarn size for your project based on gauge. Is it whisper thin? These are projects in the #3 Light Weight category weight of yarn. Here’s why: Yarn weight has little to do with the yarn’s actual weight (or heaviness) and more to do with the thickness of a yarn strand. If you are following a pattern and want to substitute a yarn, find a similar yarn to the original and work a gauge swatch before starting the project. Ply – A system based on the number of yarn plies. Laceweight: Most commonly 2ply (UK/AU/NZ) thickness. What is ply exactly? Read more about me here! Yarn Weight and Crochet Hook Size Chart. Worsted weight yarn is a very common and frequently used yarn weight, especially in the United States. Win-Win in my book! Whenever I knit socks, I always use yarn from this category for lightweight super comfortable socks that fit in my shoes similar to regular store bought socks. Is it lightweight with a lot of drape? For example, some crochet stitches require much more yarn than others, so while those estimates can be close, the method below is a sure-fire way to determine how much yarn you need to buy. I love it in my Onward and Upward Afghan and Happy Lark Blanket. The higher the yarn weight, the thicker the yarn. It includes the thinnest yarns used for light and delicate work. It’s great for socks, baby items and shawls. Jul 25, 2019 - Explore Meg Esita's board "Yarn weight chart" on Pinterest. Every yarn has a weight listed on the label. Let’s dive into the details so we can all speak the same yarn language: It has 30 or more wraps per inch (wpi). There are many different yarn fibers mostly broken down into three categories: If you want to learn more about fibers, I have an awesome post for you called Fiber 101. But unfortunately, that’s not where it ends where yarn weight is concerned. If you’re looking for an ultra thick and quick afghan, try Jumbo yarn. Because of its smaller weight, I have “more room” for stitches and can get greater detail into my pieces that way! Like yarn weighs next to nothing? But how do we group different weight yarn into categories? Yarn Weight Classes If you are substituting yarn, be sure to do a gauge swatch so you know what the finished fabric will look like. Light and delicate crochet pieces are created using this yarn weight. Yarn weights are important to consider when making any project. But to rely solely on this method is often not practical. See more ideas about Crochet patterns, Crochet chart, Yarn weight chart. Yarn weights explained What is lace weight yarn? Jumbo yarn is the thickest yarn weight and a recent addition to the standards list. However, in todays world there is no consistency between plies. Apr 20, 2017. The thicker the yarn, the fewer stitches per inch. To understand, you must know how yarn is made. Crochet Stitch Heights //   2. If you love this Guide to Yarn Weights, you might also like to check out these other great crochet tutorials. I love seeing your finished projects! 1. Use it with a larger hook to make sweaters, scarves, hats, rugs and throws. I use worsted weight for almost every project you’ll find on my site, like this cute crochet pumpkin. WPI (Wraps Per Inch). The Yarn Weight Chart below gives a handy comparison of different knitting and crochet yarns along with needle and hook sizes, approximate meterage to the 100g and WPI, using UK, US, German and Australian terminology.. Yarn weight is important in achieving the correct gauge or tension for a particular project and can help with yarn substitution. Yarn Weight Conversion Chart To save this to your computer you can right-click on the image and click "Save Image As". Hook size also affects the drape of the finished project. It is also used for lightweight afghans. After the first strands are spun , two or more strands are spun together in the opposite direction to make the final yarn strand. The standard yarn weight system on our website is a handy chart that provides the size needles and hooks you should use for each weight yarn, as well as suggested gauge. Different yarn weights perform differently than yarns in other categories. After all, it makes sense that 2 plies would be thicker than 1 ply, right? How long will your project take to finish. 11 wraps per inch (wpi). 2-ply yarn is created from twisting two singles, 3-ply from 3 singles and so forth. Often just referred to as DK weight yarn, this is a great in between weight for garments and heavier baby items. It wrapped around my pencil 20 times. There are six different categories of yarn weights, and according to the Craft Yarn Council, specific weights of yarn should produce a somewhat predictable number of stitches when using a particular-sized needle. But don’t fret if they do not. You’ve got this! It can help you determine the hook size you’ll need, and your stitch gauge. Hi! Welcome! So we now know that yarn weight refers to the thickness of the yarn strand. The thinnest yarn strand would be Lace (0) and the thickest would be Jumbo (7). However an Aran weight yarn is typically thicker than a worsted weight yarn in the United States. You might not have the ability to determine wraps per inch when you are shopping online or don’t have access to the original yarn used for comparison. US Yarn Description: UK Yarn Description: AUS/NZ Wool Description: Recommended Hook Size: Gauge Range to 4 inches (with a single crochet) Category 1: Superfine. My mystery yarn is a fingering weight. It is very possible to have a 1-ply bulky weight yarn just as easily as a 1 ply fingering yarn. And doubled up it works great in all my wine cozies. Yarn Weight Chart. It has 14 wraps per inch (wpi). However an Aran weight yarn is typically thicker than a worsted weight yarn in the United States. Go forth and crochet, my friend! Be sure to check it out to expand your yarny knowledge! That way your. It’s no wonder a crafter might get a little confused. Jul 21, 2019 - The Craft Yarn Council, working together with publishers, fiber, needle and hook manufacturers has a handy chart that brings uniformity to the industry. Added in 2014 to classify the super thick yarns used for arm knitting and crocheting. Reply; 0. The UK also refers to an “Aran” yarn weight. Or maybe you’d like to take up arm crocheting or knitting, where your hand and arm are your hook! One way to determine yarn weight is to look at the number of strands per inch. However, the terms used to describe it do and it’s typically based on region. 11-14 sts to 4" on US I-9 to K-10.5 hooks, 8-11 sts to 4" on US K-10.5 to M-13 hooks, 6 sts or less to 4" on US Q and larger hooks. To do this, wrap yarn around a ruler or a pencil so that the strands sit neatly next to one another. Once you determine the fiber you want to use for your crochet project, you’ll need to consider the weight of the yarn. It's a range, from super fine to super bulky. When I first started crocheting I had no clue what hook to use with what yarn size. Great for afghans, hats and other projects. Back in the day a 2-ply yarn was a lace weight and a 3 ply yarn was a DK weight. Make Sure the Different Weight Yarn Will Work. You can find more yarn industry standards at the Craft Yarn Council (source). 1-4 wraps per inch (wpi). A strand of yarn is made up of one or more yarn plies that are twisted together. Some are naturally suited for certain types of projects. And doesn’t that affect things too? This falls into the “4-Medium” yarn weight category. I’d love to see your Crochet 365 Knit Too makes on Instagram, be sure to tag me @crochet365knittoo. To be honest, this is a very accurate way to figure out yarn weight. Yarn Weight Conversion Chart Below in the yarn weight chart, the standard US yarn weight terms are side-by-side with … Jumbo yarn is up to the task! *** Steel crochet hooks are sized differently from regular hooks—the higher the number, the smaller the hook, which is the reverse of regular hook sizing The HAND symbol can be used to represent gauge for yarns that do not require hooks and/or knitting needles, including, but not limited to, loop yarns and arm/hand knitting and crocheting yarns. This printable graphic includes the yarn weight numbers from 0 to 7, the category, from lace to roving, the knitting needle sizes, in both US and metric measurements, as well as the ideal projects for each type of yarn. The Craft Yarn Council creates and sets yarn standard on commonly used gauges and needle/hook sizes. There are all kinds of numbering systems to describe and compare yarns. DK (which stands for Double Knitting) weight yarn is also wonderful for afghans and amigurumi. What an odd term, right? Yarn Weight: Types of Yarn: Knit Gauge/Needle Size: Crochet Gauge Hook Size #0: Lace … Yarn weight determines how many stitches it takes to knit 1 inch. The larger hook creates larger stitches which in turn makes a fabric that drapes a little more. It is very possible to have a 1-ply bulky weight yarn just as easily as a 1 ply fingering yarn. Here’s our at-a-glance guide to the most common yarn weights in the UK and US, and the needles to use with them: Many lacy items are also made from Super Fine weight yarn. This makes sense to us. Yarn Weight Chart Yarn weights have been classified into categories that you will see numbered on any yarn label. You can interchange yarns within the weight. Read on to learn more about the 8 yarn weights. Yarn Weight Symbols. This falls into the “4-Medium” yarn weight category. The standard yarn weight system goes from a range of 0 to 7, with size 0 (or lace yarn) being the smallest weight (or thickness) and size 7 being the largest weight. Ta-da! Understanding yarn weight can be a powerful arsenal in your crochet knowledge toolbox. If all plies of yarn were created equal, this method might actually work. All I wanted was for someone to tell me what to use to get started, but nobody would. Super bulky yarn is a thick yarn that is great for quick makes. Crochet hooks are also made from several types of materials, such as wood, aluminum, and plastic. But as mentioned earlier, there can be a lot of variation in strand size. DK weight is probably the most common weight yarn outside the United States. For beginners, I always suggest using medium weight yarn because it is the easiest to work with and is the most common. Yarn Weight Comparison Chart I have always used the actual weight of a yarn to represent the thickness, usually written as meters or yards per skein or 50 g, 100 g or 200 g. But it is not always the best way as different materials have different density. 5-6 wraps per inch (wpi). Sport weight yarn is great for baby items (like booties and sweaters), socks, wraps and other delicate accessories. Keep in mind, however, that it is only a guideline. It also greatly affects gauge. Yarn weight conversion chart Yarns come in a standard range of sizes, but the names can vary from country to country. It makes beautiful afghans with a lovely drape that are both cozy to snuggle under and looks very pretty draped over a couch or chair. I share crochet patterns, tutorials and other bits of crochet goodness to delight your creative soul! They are featured in most knitting and crochet books and you can see them below in this info graphic, that you can pin or save for your reference. 12 wraps per inch (wpi). To download a PDF of this, click here. You can also buy a little WPI tool that measures and holds the yarn in place while you wrap. Lately this yarn is becoming more and more available at local craft stores and crocheters are loving it for thick and quick afghans and home decor items! Enter the weight of your project. How your project looks. First fibers are spun in single strands with either a “S-twist” or a “Z-twist”. Super Fine yarn is very lightweight. Enjoy the free patterns. When you know your yarn weight, it will be easier to choose a yarn that works best for the project at hand. If you are on Facebook, stop over to the Crochet 365 Knit Too Facebook page or pop over to the Crochet365KnitToo Club and share a photo! If you are designing or want a specific look and feel, be sure to consult the yarn weight chart to determine the best yarn weight for your project. It goes quick and makes a warm hat. Sometimes this weight is even used for very lightweight afghans. For instance, I usually will use an “H” … And there are differences? It’s often used in lace work, shawls and doilies. You can find all the Getting Started posts here. Knitting and crochet yarns come in different weights, or thicknesses. When we talked about stitch gauge , we determined how important the weight of the yarn and the size of the hook is to determining how true-to-size your project will turn out. If you think about how the letter “S” is formed compared to the letter “Z”, you might realize that they move in opposite directions. I especially love making a warm and cozy hat like this Ribbed Wonder Hat! But now you’re here, and you’re in the right place! This Yarn Weights Chart is an infographic with everything you need to know about knitting needles, yarn types, and projects. And you might even find yourself putting more thought into yarn selection for your next project. Try it for thick cowls, scarves and hats. This chart estimates how much yarn you will need for specific crafts. You bet! Starting with the thinnest yarns, this category covers: Thread: Approximately the same thickness as sewing thread or 10 count crochet cotton. The UK also refers to an “Aran” yarn weight. This will allow you to save it for future reference and print it … Interesting, right? Report Abuse; maeve63. My Marcy doll, for instance, is made in DK weight yarn. Here's a short video explaining the difference between yarn weights: View current Lion Brand yarns and filter Yarn weights. Be sure to purchase enough yarn to complete your project. That’s why I created this chart. Cobweb yarn: Also known as 1ply in the UK and Australia/New Zealand. Grab your yarn & add the skein info. However, the opposite is true when it comes to crochet thread. Yarn comes in weights 0 – 6 : the smaller the number, the thinner the yarn. This handy chart will help you select the right material for your project. Why we should care about yarn weight. 2—Fine (Sport, Baby) Sport weight yarn works best for items such as socks, wraps, heirloom sweaters, and other delicate accessories. Particularly helpful to me is the pdf chart on yarn weights which allows me to use equivalent yarn for a project. Any yarn weight can have one ply or many. Without a yarn weight conversion chart at your fingertips, it can be tricky! Then count the number of strands that fit in a 1 inch space. But wait. Worsted weight yarn is easy to work with and is a great all-purpose size yarn. Just look at the yarn weight in the pattern you are following and find the same yarn weight in another yarn! The thickness of your yarn (among other factors) has a huge impact on the look of your knitted or crocheted fabric — and certainly the amount of time it takes to complete it. It's also important to understand how much yarn to purchase when substituting. This is a way of determining yarn weight based on how many wraps of a  yarn can fit into a one inch space.