It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran. Ramsar Convention is formally known as Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat. Here is a quiz of 10 questions based on it with explanations and answers. It would also advise the government in collaboration with the International organizations on various issues related to wetland conservation and wetland protection etc. WETLANDS :- 1-2 Questions in UPSC Prelims Every Year- The Analysis. It can later designate more such wetlands. It was signed on 2 February 1971 at Ramsar in . It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Wetland Conservation and Management Rules 2017. Why in the news? Below is the compilation of questions on wetlands from last 6 years to illustrate the trend-PRELIMS 2018- Q-Which one of the following is an artificial lake? 2018 World Wetland Day (WWD) February 7, 2018. Leave a … It would recommend the designation of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. Ramsar Convention. There are almost 115 wetlands that are officially identified by the central government and of those 26 are identified as wetlands of international importance under Ramsar Convention which is an international intergovernmental treaty for conservation of wetlands. (UPSC CSAT 2014) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List. (a) Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu) (b) … Earlier in 2020, India designated 10 more wetlands as a Ramsar site, taking the total number from 27 to 37. Following the notification of draft Wetland Rules in 2016, the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) notified the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017 in order to prohibit a range of activities in wetlands. With this, a total of 37 sites in the country have been recognised under the international treaty. When a … … A Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. Ecological character of a Ramsar site may degrade because of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Will you join us? When a party joins the convention, it has to designate at least one site for the Ramsar list. Insights into Editorial: Reconsider the Rules Context: Earlier this year, a judgment by the Uttarakhand High Court, stating that Ganga and Yamuna rivers are “living entities”, captured the national imagination. Reviving wetlands is one of the most effective ways we can heal the climate. They work with local communities to protect and preserve the wetland regions. … toggle menu. Under the Ramsar International Wetland Conservation treaty, wetlands are defined as: Article 1.1.: Wetlands are areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres. Wetlands International. Wetlands International coordinates the International Water bird census of which Asian Water bird census is an integral part. Ramsar Site At the time of joining the Convention, each Contracting Party undertakes to designate at least one wetland site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. These dates are for guidance and counts from any date between the beginning of December to end February are very … Relevance to Syllabus of UPSC GSM3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation. Initially wetland International were known as the International Wildfowl Inquiry. India joined the convention on February 1, 1982. Comparison of wetlands conservation and management rules 2010 and 2017. ; This decision came on the sidelines … Wetlands International’s Waterbird Population Estimates programme. Despite our … The Ramsar convention on wetlands is an international treaty which provides the framework for a National action plan and international cooperation for the conservation, protection and wise use of the wetland and its resources. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands It is an international treaty for “the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands”. Wetlands are ecotones between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Check your progress with these UPSC Previous year Questions. The Montreux Record was established by Recommendation of the … We are the global not-for-profit organisation dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. The official name of the treaty is The Convention on … The biggest offenders were the metropolitans of New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai and Hyderabad, which treat wastelands as their private dumping grounds. Harike Wetlands: Confluence of Beas and Sutlej: 2. GK Quiz For UPSC Civil Services Exam: Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. Wetlands International: GK, General Studies and Current Affairs. B The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to … Important Facts about the Ramsar Convention for UPSC. It is worth noting that wetlands, the other major water-based ecosystem apart from rivers, are at a moment of policy transition in the country. Kabartal Wetland (Bihar) and Asan Conservation Reserve (Uttarakhand) have been designated as Ramsar sites, making them ‘Wetlands of International Importance’. They get periodically get inundated with water. Montreux Record is a register of wetlands sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or likely to occur. Keoladeo Ghana: Confluence of national Park Banas and Chambal: 3. According to an assessment undertaken by Wetlands International South Asia (WISA), between 1970 and 2014, cities have rapidly degraded wetlands, to the tune of 25 ha per sq.