Christianity also makes up an additional 8% of the population with the Protestant church. The current population of Puerto Rico in 2020 is 2,860,853, a 2.47% decline from 2019.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. , According to the 2015 Race and Hispanic Origin estimate (2011–2015 American Community Survey) published by the US Census Bureau, the data for Puerto Rico was as follows:, Puerto Ricans, on average, have genetic contributions from Europeans, West Africans, and Native Americans of approximately 66%, 18%, and 16%, respectively. Protestantism was suppressed under the Spanish Catholic regime. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 2019. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 2019. 2006–2008 Three Year Estimate.  Protestantism increased under American sovereignty, making contemporary Puerto Rico more interconfessional than in previous centuries, although Catholicism continues to be the dominant religion. The United States won control of Puerto Rico from Spain in 1898; the first U.S. census taken there, in 1910, counted more than 1.1 million residents.  One Pope, John Paul II, visited Puerto Rico in October 1984. The Roman Catholic Church has been historically the most dominant religion of the majority of Puerto Ricans, with Puerto Rico having the first dioceses in the Americas. 951. Therefore, people of mixed ancestry with known white lineage were classified as white, the opposite of the "one-drop rule" in the United States. Population of American Indian in households in Puerto Rico ; Total Population: 19,427; Male Population: 9,429; Under 5 years: 567; 5 to 9 years: 707; 10 to 14 years: In 2017 Puerto Rico was forced to declare bankruptcy after being unable to repay debts. Spanish men arrived on the island disproportionately to Spanish women; African and Taíno women would sometimes marry them, resulting in a mixed tri-racial ethnicity. 2,712,166 people. The Act imposed immigration quotas on Europe, which allowed for easy immigration from Northern and Western Europe, but almost excluded the Mediterranean and Slavic Nations. (It may have been using the 2010 Pew Research Center data. All Topics Population Age and Sex Race and Hispanic Origin Population Characteristics Housing Families & Living Arrangements Computer and Internet Use Education Health Economy Transportation Income & Poverty Businesses Geography. , In 2007, there were over 5,000 Muslims in Puerto Rico, representing about 0.13% of the population. The total population of Puerto Rico is 3,195,153 as of 1-Jul-18 , which represents 0.04% of global population and ranks Puerto Rico # N/A worldwide. The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year.  And at times not just individuals, but whole families convert. As of 2019, the population was 3,654,474, giving it a population density of 1,040 people per square mile (401 people per square kilometer), which ranks 24th in the world in this regard. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. In the late 18th century, the number of African slaves began to dwindle on the island. The Paseo de Diego sits empty in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, April 17, 2019. The only category that remained constant over time was white, even as other racial labels shifted greatly—from "colored" to "Black", "mulatto" and "other". 56–191, 31 Stat. The remaining population is a combination of people without religion, spiritual people that practice Santeria from Cuba, and Jews, and Muslims. Other major cities include Carolina (154,489), Ponce (140,859) and Caguas (129,604). However, lack of Muslim education in the Island forces some Puerto Rican Muslims to migrate to the States. The legal definition of Whiteness differed greatly from White Society's informal definition, thus Jews, Romani Peoples, Middle Eastern Peoples and those of the Indian Subcontinent were before 1917 classified as White for Immigration purposes but not considered White by the society at large. It is common to find Puerto Rican people in all parts of the United States.  Islam was brought into Puerto Rico mainly via the Palestinian migration of the 1950s and '60s. 3,725,789. Sometime between 400 B.C. The ratio of males to females is 1.06, meaning that there are slightly more males. In 1960 the census dropped the racial identification question for Puerto Rico but included it again in the year 2000. Numbers generally reflect the city population, rather than the urban areas, municipality, or urban agglomeration. Manufacturing is the largest sector in Puerto Rico, producing pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, and electronics. Puerto Ricans are not evenly distributed across the nation, however. The British ban on slavery resulted in slave raids on Puerto Rico.  It was the first non-Roman Catholic Church in the entire Spanish Empire in the Americas. There are many religious beliefs represented in the island with Christianity as the religion indicated by the majority in 2010. In terms of race, 75.8% of the population identifies as white, 12.4% of people are African American or black, and the remaining 8.5% of people are a combination of American Indian, Alaskan natives, Pacific Islanders, and mixes of all of the aforementioned.  The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. Puerto Ricans, excluding those of obvious African ancestry, were like most Hispanics formally classified as White under U.S. Law, but this classification did not prevent informal discrimination against them by Anglo-Americans. B.R. SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — New Census Bureau data shows Puerto Rico lost nearly 4 percent of its population after Hurricane Maria — the greatest population … The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by initial Amerindian settlement, European colonization, slavery, economic migration, and Puerto Rico's status as unincorporated territory of the United States. Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 1M 2M 3M 4M. This survey was completed between October 2013 and February 2014. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of …  Thus, today there is a strong Palestinian presence among Muslims in Puerto Rico. For example, the Holy Trinity Anglican church in Ponce, was prevented from ringing its bell until 1898, when American troops landed there. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by Amerindian settlement, European colonization especially under the Spanish Empire, slavery and economic migration. Around A.D. 600, the Arawaks no longer lived on the island, perhaps because they had integrated with another culture or perhaps because they had been killed by illness. Various African religious practices have been present since the arrival of enslaved Africans. During the early 20th century Jews began to settle in Puerto Rico. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. ... Population with veteran status. Hum Gen (2004) 115: 57–58 Available at: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, National Register of Historic Places listings in Puerto Rico, "Puerto Rico Population History, 1765–2000", https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/, "Puerto Rico Virtual Jewish History Tour", "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics", "Vital Statistics Rapid Release - State and National Provisional Counts", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals substanial [sic] Native American ancestry in Puerto Rico Human Biology – Find Articles". Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 12.4%. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table). Officially Puerto Rico is a religiously free commonwealth, but the majority of its population are Roman Catholic with 85% of its people claiming the faith. This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. 64–368, 39 Stat. Neither a date or a source for that information is provided and may not be recent..  Puerto Rican converts to Islam continue to occur. It had a population of 347,052 as of 2016, which would rank it as the 46th largest city in the USA. During the same 10-year period, 7,873 Puerto Ricans emigrated to the U.S. Of these, 6,561 were listed as "white" on the U.S mainland census, 909 as "Spanish white" and 403 as "black". The first Protestant church, Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad, was established in Ponce by the Anglican Diocese of Antigua in 1872. In 2005 a fugitive rebel leader that was pro-independence, Filberto Ojeda Pios, was killed by US federal agents, and the way the US treated innocent civilians caused unrest on the island. The second-largest city is Bayamon, which has 179,565 people and would be the 103rd largest city in America. Puerto Rico Community Survey;Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 3,193,694 Population. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. International historical statistics: the Americas, 1750–2000. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. Population. Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result, there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island. They called the island Borikén (alternatively, Borinquén), which means "land of the valiant one"  and later Puerto Ricans called themselves boricua, borincano and borinqueño to embrace their indigenous identity. The Johnson-Reed act of 1924 applied only to the Eastern Hemisphere. Losses started around the beginning of the island’s economic recession in 2006 and have continued since then. Puerto Rico. Starting in the post-World War II period waves of Puerto Ricans moved to the continental United States, particularly to New York City; Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, and Camden, New Jersey; Providence, Rhode Island; Springfield; Hartford and New Haven, Connecticut; Boston, Massachusetts; Orlando, Miami and Tampa, Florida; Philadelphia and Reading, Pennsylvania; Washington, D.C., Chicago and Los Angeles, California. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. Puerto Rico’s recent population downturn reverses a general pattern of growth on the island since at least the 1700s, as documented by Spanish and U.S. Census Bureau data. SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO -- In Barrio Obrero Marina, a working class neighborhood of San Juan, the U.S. Census Bureau said that fewer than one in … Many people do not realize that Muslims conquered Spain". U.S. Immigration Policy was first restricted toward Chinese with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907 in which Japan voluntarily barred emigration to the United States and the Immigration Act of 1917 or the Asiatic Barred Zone which barred immigrants from all of the Middle East, the Steppes and the Orient, excluding the Philippines which was then a US Colony. In return, they had to profess fealty to the Spanish Crown. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,860,853. Puerto Rico. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision).  This religion was brought by Spanish colonists.  In the 15th century, the Carib lived on nearby islands and periodically invaded Taíno villages..  Some Puerto Ricans have converted, not only as individuals but as entire families. For example, Puerto Ricans now make up 21% of the Hispanic population of Florida, preparing to outnumber the Cuban population, which has historically been the largest group within Florida’s Hispanic population. Puerto Rico is the only Caribbean island in which the Conservative, Reform and Orthodox Jewish movements are represented. ), This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 21:41. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise indicated. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. Puerto Rican Population in the States. The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. 3,424.2 square miles 932.7 people per square mile. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … The real estate and tourism industries are also very strong. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … Although autosomal markers tests seem to draw a more broad picture than that of single, gender-based mtDNA and Y-Chromosome tests, the problem with autosomal DNA is in the archaic categories used: "European", "Sub-Saharan African", "East Asian" & "Native American". As of N/A, N/A% of Puerto Rico residents were born outside of the country (N/A people). The largest age group is people 25-54, which make up 37.99% of the population, and the median age in the country is 42.2 years old. List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name , List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name in 2020 , List of Counties and cities in Puerto Rico by population and name in … San Juan is the most highly populated municipality and the capitalof Puerto Rico with a population of about 395,326 people. "Recent genetic selection in the ancestral admixture of Puerto Ricans", "The Use of Mitochondrial DNA to Discover Pre-Columbian Migrations to the Caribbean: Results for Puerto Rico and Expectations for the Dominican Republic", "Catholic Church and Puerto Rico officials at odds in widening sex abuse investigation", "Religion in Puerto Rico – By Puerto Rico Channel", Institute of Islamic Information and Education: Number of Muslims and Percentage in Puerto Rico, Percent Puerto Rican population that are Muslims, "Saudi Aramco World : Muslims in the Caribbean", "The Jewish Palate: The Jews of Puerto Rico", "Taíno: Indigenous Caribbeans - Black History Month 2017", "American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes in the United States and Puerto Rico: 2010 (CPH-T-6)", "Population Estimates, Population Change, and Components of Change", "Central America and Caribbean :: PUERTO RICO", How Puerto Rico Became White: Racial analysis, 1930s Sterilization of One Third of Puerto Rican Women by the Chicago Women's Liberation Union, Puerto Ricans in the United States Space Program, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Puerto_Rico&oldid=991797344, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Articles with failed verification from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, American Indian and Alaska Native alone 11,775, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 129, Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,547,288, White alone, Not Hispanic or Latino 24,900, 7.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est. "Asian" (South, North or East) & "North African" are not included.  In the 2010 U.S. census, 9,399 people are identified as "Taíno.". Current projections go out to the year 2050 and believe that the net migration will regularly be at least -10,000 annually and the birth rate will remain below the worldwide average, staying close to 1.51. This continued even as Puerto Rico's economy improved and its birth rate declined. , Puerto Rico is also home to the largest Jewish community in the Caribbean with 3,000 Jewish inhabitants. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. The Taíno population dwindled due to disease, tribal warfare, and forced labor, so the Spanish began importing large numbers of slaves from Africa. "They are economically strong and are thus able to pay for a full-time Imaam". The Western Hemisphere remained unrestricted to immigrate to the United States.  "Ties between Latinos and Islam are more than just spiritual, but date back to Spanish history. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Puerto Rico was estimated to be 3,658,607 people. The Puerto Rico population has steadily declined over the last decade from 3.8 million people. , In the late 1700s, Puerto Rico had laws like the Regla del Sacar or Gracias al Sacar where a person of mixed ancestry could be considered legally white so long as they could prove that at least one person per generation in the last four generations had also been legally white. [failed verification], In a study done on Puerto Rican women (of all races) born on the island but living in New York by Carolina Bonilla, Mark D. Shriver and Esteban Parra in 2004, the ancestry proportions corresponding to the three parental populations were found to be 53.3±2.8% European, 29.1±2.3% West African, and 17.6±2.4% Native American based on autosomal ancestry informative markers. and A.D. 100, the Arawak group of Amerindians inhabited Puerto Rico. The total population in Puerto Rico was estimated at 3.2 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. All municipalities in Puerto Rico have at least one Catholic Church, most of which are located at the town center or "plaza". These generalized categories may not take into account the complexity of migratory patterns across the Old World. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. An Associated Press article in March 2014 stated that "more than 70 percent of whom identify themselves as Catholic" but provided no source for this information. ), The CIA World Factbook however, reports that 85% of the population of Puerto Rico identifies as Roman Catholic, while 15% identify as Protestant and Other. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico ’s population at 3,706,690. 3,193,694. In 1898, Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States under the Treaty of Paris and the US brought a civil government to the area and maintained strict control over the island. The current population of Puerto Rico is 2,839,923, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.34M to 3.2M, a -4.26% decrease and its median household income grew from $19,343 to $20,296, a 4.93% increase. Although the vast majority of settlers came from Spain, Catholics from France, Ireland, Italy and other European countries were also granted land by Spain as one of the provisions of the Real Cédula de Gracias de 1815 (Royal Decree of Graces of 1815). 29. Currently, 100% of the population of Puerto Rico is urban (2,933,408 people in 2019) Created with Highcharts 8.2.2. The current population of Puerto Rico is 2,831,765 as of Tuesday, November 17, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. The densely populated island of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean sea with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and rainforest covering 3,515 square miles (9,104 square kilometers) of area, which would rank it 169th in the world in terms of size.