Phoenician alphabet, deciphered by Jean-Jacques Barthélemy in 1758. The Phoenician Alphabet • from Egypt, the alphabet was passed to Phoenicia (eastern Mediterranean seaboard) – letter names: ‘aleph, beth, gimel, daleth, etc. 3 is from the Pococke Kition inscriptions.. The Phoenician alphabet is the ancestor of all European and Middle Eastern alphabets as well as ones in India, Southeast Asia, Ethiopia and Korea. AhiramInscription.jpg 1,669 × 123; 32 KB. Astrological symbol, Phoenician, Hebrew, and Chinese are all rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise (photo: Sinai inscription 357). The ancient Hebrew alphabet is called Phoenician or Paleo Hebrew. Recent excavations on the northern coast of Syria near Latakia discovered the ancient city-state of Ugarit. The invention of the Phoenician Alphabet, the prototype for all alphabets in the world, is the most significant contribution that Lebanon has made to the whole of humanity. •hence, our word “alphabet” – n.b. 105 Carthage Some Phoenician sailors and traders set up trad-ing posts along the coast of North Africa. Their ships were well organized. Aram was a son of Shem (Genesis 10:22). Then choose the letters that sound like the sounds in your name. Der Inhalt ist verfügbar unter CC BY-SA 3.0, sofern nicht anders angegeben. this letter was used to represent alryngeal consonant ('), or glotal stop. Phoenician alphabet. It has helped to make literacy more widespread and made the recording and dissemination of information, culture, and history more efficient. However, the archaic Greek script was neither systematic nor linear. Asia Minor 3. The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.The Phoenician alphabet is an abjad consisting of 22 letters, all consonants, with matres lectionis used for some vowels in certain late varieties. This cut down significantly the number of symbols required to make words. Euphrates 4. Tigris and Euphrates 4. The Aryan Origin of the Alphabet, Waddell 1 THE ARYAN ORIGIN OF THE ALPHABET: DISCLOSING THE SUMERO PHOENICIAN PARENTAGE OF OUR LETTERS ANCIENT AND MODERN by L. Austine Waddell LL.D., C.B., C.I.E. The first two letters of the Phoenician alphabet as the constellation Taurus of the zodiac. in the PHOENICIAN ALPHABET The Phoenician alphabet is over 3,000 years old It only has consonants – there is no A, E, I, O or U It always reads from right to left Say your name aloud. By increasing the amount of food they could … Other Phoenicians built colonies, or permanent settlements, in these areas. these names have significance in Phoenician •mnemonic devices – cf. In the 9th century BCE the Aramaeans had adopted the Phoenician alphabet, added symbols for the initial "aleph" and for long vowels. On the Origins of the Alphabet: New Evidence by Brian R. Pellar Boston, Massachusetts Figure 1. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. P. Phoenician alphabet; Media in category "Phoenician alphabet" The following 37 files are in this category, out of 37 total. The Phoenician alphabet had 22 letters, each for sound rather than a word or phrase. The characters of the alphabets closely resemble each other. They wrote with an alphabet from which the alphabets of Europe evolved.. Phoenicians set up colonies in the Mediterranean region and beyond. The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, was a non-pictographic consonantal alphabet, or abjad. No.1 is from the Cippi of Melqart, No.2 is from the coins, and No. [ Markoe (2000) p. 111 ] Phoenician became the widespread form of Proto-Canaanite; previously, the script had been restricted to recording only Canaanite languages . Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Liaison and Folk-Lore Societies, Honorary Correspondt. Introduction By the 8th century, the Phoenician alphabet had evolved from the Old Canaanite into a systematic and linear alphabet. 2. The Phoenician writing system is, by virtue of being an alphabet, simple and easy to learn, and also very adaptable to other languages, quite unlike cuneiform or hieroglyphics. The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.The Phoenician alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an abjad,  with matres lectionis being used for some vowels in certain late varieties. Phoenician sailors and ships were. The Phoenician Alphabet. After 900 B.C. When the Phoenicians began to use the alphabet as an easy and simple way to follow up their shops, it was exposed to every place they visited. Mediterranean Sea ANALYZING MAPS 1. approximately 1,500 miles 2. Aramaic was modified from the Phoenician alphabet by the Arameans of Damascus and the surrounding regions of Syria. The Phoenician alphabet is actually an offshoot of the Proto-Sinaitic script. What truly shows that the Phoenician alphabet is a major contribution to history is that its offspring languages include Arabic, Greek, and Latin due to the widespread use of the alphabet employed by Phoenician traders. Phoenicians were very capable sailors who could sail long distances for long periods. Phoenician, and Proto-Sinaitic are all rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise (photo: Sinai inscription 357). The Paleo Hebrew will be listed on the left with the Modern Hebrew listed on the right. Phoenician alphabet. (1) PhoenicianB-01.png 64 × 64; 687 bytes. The earliest inscriptions from the 8th century reveal local variation. History and Geography MAP ACTIVITY 1. Juni 2013 im Internet Archive) ISO-Codierung der Buchstaben (PDF; 818 kB) Zuletzt bearbeitet am 17. The Phoenician alphabet is an alphabet (more specifically, an abjad) consisting of 22 consonant letters only, ... official Unicode standards document for Phoenician (PDF file) Free-Libre GPL2 Licensed Unicode Phoenician Font; GNU FreeFont Unicode font family with Phoenician range in its serif face. and the immediate ancestor of the Greek alphabet. Introduction The alphabet has often been referred to as one of the greatest inventions of humankind. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Unicode Standard 5.0, Section 14.7: Phoenician (PDF; 326 kB) The Unicode Standard 5.0, Code Chart Phoenician (PDF; 67 kB) Alphabet-Vergleichsliste (PDF; 124 kB) (Memento vom 15.